Hard water occurs when there’s a large concentration of dissolved minerals in water. These minerals and ions usually include calcium, magnesium, iron, aluminum, and manganese.
For households, a common treatment for hard water is to use a reverse osmosis system. As At Your Service Plumbing, Heating & Air and other experts explain, a whole-house reverse osmosis system can result in clean drinking water.
Reverse osmosis forces water through a semi-permeable membrane. This traps the ions and dissolved minerals in the membrane, while pure water goes through. This method is used in over 15,000 desalination plants located all over the world.
Besides drinking water purification, there are other industries that use reverse osmosis. These include the food industry, water and wastewater purification, and hydrogen production. Reef aquariums that use a seawater mixture use reverse osmosis systems. Some window cleaning systems that use purified water also use reverse osmosis.
Reverse osmosis does not need a large equipment. Connecting the outflow valve to an energy recycling system retrieves the energy from the forced water system. And that’s it.
Problems with Hard Water
Hard water occurs when the source has a high concentration of minerals. These are water-soluble minerals that are found in lower concentrations. High concentrations of dissolved minerals in water can lead to health problems, including the risk of cardiovascular disease, reproductive failure, and growth retardation.
Showering with hard water causes dull hair and dry and irritated skin. Soap bubbles do not easily form with hard water. It also creates a scum that builds up in the sink and shower walls. Clothes laundered with hard water becomes stiff.
Moreover, hard water can also cause scales to form on faucets, fixtures, and walls. The minerals can accumulate inside the pipes, which can corrode or clog the pipes. Water heaters and tanks are vulnerable to these plumbing problems. Clogged and corroded pipes, boilers and heaters become inefficient leading to higher operational costs.
Hard water may look harmless, but it could actually cause you some problems in the long run. Do something about it now.